What is the gum?
The gum is a soft tissue that covers the jawbone and surrounds the crown (visible part) of the teeth.
One of its roles is to support and hold the teeth in place in the jawbone.
There are two categories of gums: attached gums that are stuck to the alveolar bone and teeth, and “mucosa” gums that are found elsewhere in the mouth. The attached gingiva is the one discussed mainly in the text below.
A healthy gum has the following characteristics.
- It is pink in color, it is firm and adheres completely to the teeth.
- It has sufficient volume to support the teeth adequately.
- No signs of inflammation, characterized by a red color, or swelling (puffiness) are present.
- It does not bleed when properly brushing or flossing.
- It covers the tooth so that the root is not visible in the mouth without however overflowing on the tooth.